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    Utilities in private hands: the business learns to earn on the municipal sector

    Private investors are in the housing sector. As stated by the Deputy head of Ministry Andrey Chibis at the recent investment forum in Sochi, the amount of concession agreements in the utilities sector exceeded 257 billion rubles. The number of transactions – 1.8 thousand.

    "The mechanism of concessions, utilities earned, although this is a young movement. We have 1.8 thousand concessions, investment — 257 billion rubles. Of these, only 5% — paid confidents budget. The accident rate is reduced by more than 20%, 40% reduction of losses especially heat," said he.

    Despite the impressive numbers, compared to the scale of the industry the volume of attracted investments is quite small. According to "Analysis of the market of housing and communal services in Russia", prepared BusinesStat in 2017, the turnover of the market of public services in the country amounted to 2.4 trillion roubles.

    However, the rapid growth of the market concession in the housing sector has begun in recent years. If in 2016 the volume of investment commitments of the concessionaires were 67.6 billion rubles, almost four times as much.

    According to the Ministry of construction, most of the concession agreement lies in the field of water supply and sanitation. Volume of deals in this sector is around 122 billion rubles, according to "Vedomosti" with reference to the representatives of the Ministry. In second place – concessions in the field of heat supply where the volume of the conclusion of concessions reached 97 billion. Significantly behind in third place is the market of concessions in the field of waste management. The volume of deals with projects in this area is only 20.9 billion rubles.

    It is important to note that the concessionaire is not a perfect investor project. Rather, he plays the role of operator for its own account or rekonstruiruet it creates the object, and later returns investment due to its operation. Thus, to determine the prices used are not market mechanisms, and the system of tariff regulation, which is consistent with the local authorities.

    According to Andrei Chibis, the increase in the number of concessions in recent time is associated with involvement in this sector banks. For example, the Ministry of construction has experience of successful cooperation with the savings Bank. "On the basis of a small town in the Tula region together with the Bank we have created a standard of credit. Six months were doing, but now it is the standard lending of the savings Bank, is a 15-year loan," — said the Deputy Minister.

    It comes packaged the decision on modernization of heat supply systems. The partnership plans to develop similar products for concessionaires in the field of municipal solid waste management for projects in the field of landscaping. Interest in the use of such a product showed about 50 regions.

    The state has long sought to attract private capital to concessions in the field of housing, because it cannot, in itself, to modernize this sector. In some regions, the deterioration of municipal infrastructure reaches 70-90%, indicates the Executive Director of the Association utilities "Control" Svetlana Razvorotneva.

    Entrepreneurs in turn are often wary of such proposals, fearing the opacity of the market and complexities of the work in specific regions. Theoretically, to improve the situation could develop standard integrated concession proposal, which implies the involvement of a major Bank as a partner of the concessionaire.

    Concession can work effectively only in large or medium-sized cities where you can achieve certain economies of scale. In small towns the concessionaire often offer to take over the functions of the operator, all utility infrastructure, but the company shall initially have substantial capital and a willingness to "play long". If the transaction amount is less than one million rubles, its hardly a market, says the expert.

    "The arrival of a private investor, although able to improve the quality of some public services, but does not mean lowering the price tag for the end user. Taking up the modernization of communications investor is targeting a profit, including through maximizing tariffs. The municipal authorities have such powers, and they often go to a meeting, increasing the rate in excess of the Federal standard," says Svetlana Razvorotneva.

    Friday 23 February 2018 - 11:01:11email to someone printer friendly create pdf of this news item
    Utilities in private hands: the business learns to earn on the municipal sector

    Friday 23 February 2018 - 10:14:58email to someone printer friendly create pdf of this news item
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